Caddo Lake State Park History. The Caddo Nation is a confederacy of several Native American tribes who historically inhabited much of what is now East Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, and Oklahoma.They were descendants of the Caddoan Mississippian culture that constructed huge earthwork mounds at several sites in this territory. Caddo Valley is a town in Clark County located halfway between Texarkana and Little Rock. Jim Tiller, Before the Line, Volume III: Caddo Indians: The Final Years (2013), Electronic version available at Newton Gresham Library, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville. The resulting economic symbiosis between the Caddo groups and Europeans, as well as the continued political stability of Caddo communities, was key to the political success and strength of Caddo tribes. In turn, the Caddo participated in the French fur trade, and they exchanged guns, horses, and other items with Indian groups and Europeans. The Caddo lived in several tribal groups in southwest Arkansas and nearby areas of Texas, Louisiana, and Oklahoma from A.D. 1000 to about A.D. 1800. Applicants must be an enrolled member of the Caddo Nation, 18 years of age, and head of household. Location; Caddo Location. They lived in the piney woods. PO Box 487. The site was the southwestern-most ceremonial center for the great Mound Builders, a culture which spanned the eastern North American woodlands for more than 2,500 years. More than 1,200 years ago, a group of Caddo Indians knows as the Hasinai built a village and ceremonial center on the prairie overlooking the Neches River. Please email, fax, or mail to: Caddo Nation. Caddo Indian Fact Sheet. Caddo Valley. By Hannah Whitney. Email - covidrelief@mycaddonation.com When the Spaniards crossed the threshold to Caddo country on June 20, 1542, they entered a nation uniquely distinguished by language, social structure, tradition, and way of life. Clark County was founded on December 15, 1818, as part of Missouri Territory and was named for Missouri territorial governor William Clark of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Sometime between 700 and 800 they settled the area between the Arkansas River and the middle reaches of the Red, Sabine, Angelina, and Neches rivers and adopted agriculture. When the Caddos first arrived, they continued their semi-nomadic style of hunting and gathering. All documents must be provided for assistance to be considered. Binger, OK 73009. They had lots of animals which allowed them to have a lot of food. It is near the Louisiana border. Native American Facts For Kids was written for young people learning about the Caddos for school or home-schooling reports. The Caddo originated in the lower Mississippi Valley and spread west along the river systems. Caddo Indians enter written history in chronicles of the Hernando de Soto expedition, which describe encounters during the Spanish passage through southwest Arkansas. The park’s rich history includes the presence of the Caddo Indians of the 18th and 19th centuries, although it is believed that people have inhabited this East Texas area for nearly 12,000 years. Fax - (405)656-0961. The land was filled with pine trees. The Caddo lived in the eastern part of Texas. F. Todd Smith, The Caddo Indians: Tribes at the Convergence of Empires, 1542–1854 (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1995). Or mail to: Caddo Nation, 18 years of age, and of. Of Texas mycaddonation.com Caddo Indian Fact Sheet of hunting and gathering Mississippi Valley and west. Southwest Arkansas school or home-schooling reports Hernando de Soto expedition, which describe encounters during the Spanish passage through Arkansas. 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